The Vox AC100 as the Thomas Organ "Super Beatle"
AC100s for the States in late 1964 and 1965
The association of Jennings Musical Industries with the Thomas Organ company in late 1964 opened up a vast new market for Vox products - a market that JMI/Vox was ultimately unable to support. Initially, Thomas Organ acted as a distributor for UK-made valve amps, which were regularly freighted by air. In early 1965 they were rechristened in the States with "Swinging London" names, the AC100 for instance becoming for a short time the "Super Beatle". That name in turn was assigned to the flagship of new Thomas solid state line.
From "Beat Instrumental" magazine no. 18, October 1964. The "Million Dollar" contract, signed at the British Music Trade Fair, which took place in late August while the Beatles were touring the US. The amount was regularly described in contemporary sources as being 1.5 million dollars (then equivalent to £534,000).
The Arlington Heights Herald, 17th September 1964 - three weeks or so after JMI had agreed to provide 1.5 million dollar's worth of equipment (£534,000 then) to Thomas Organ. Note "just flown in".
A copy of a letter appended to the Vox Service Manual of 1967 shows, however, that there were AC80/100s among the early exports to the States in late 1964.
Thomas Organ "King of the Beat" catalogue from late 1964 / early 1965
The text reads: "AC100 Super de Luxe (Beatles) Amplifier. As used by the Beatles. Unrivalled where adequate reserves of sheer undistorted power are required. 200 watts peak power. Two inputs, volume, treble and bass controls. Separate loudspeaker cabinet with four 12" heavy duty loudspeakers plus two high frequency exponential horns with crossover network. Supplied with waterproof covers. Chromium swivel stand - optional extra. (Dimensions 19" x 11 1/2" x 9" and 40" x 27" x 12")."
Note that the amplifier illustrated is in a thick-edged box. It will still have been cathode biased, however. The catalogue can be viewed in its entirety on the vintageguitarandbass.com site.
As one might expect, the images used were essentially those used by Jennings in Britain. Below, the standard JMI flyer for the Vox AC100 Super De Luxe.
Left, a Jennings advertisement from "Beat Instrumental" magazine - still the drawing illustrating a Mark 1 trolley and thick-edged amp. Right, the advert from "Music Alley" in E. Colfax, Denver.
A detail from the "Million Dollar Sound" brochure of Spring 1965, showing the Vox amps with their new US names: "Westminster" (AC50 Foundation Bass), the "Royal Guardsman" (AC50 twin), "Super Beatle" (AC100).
The AC30 became the "Viscount", the small-box AC50 the "Royal Guardsman", the AC50 Foundation Bass the "Westminster", the T60 the "Bristol Bass", and at some point in late 1964 the AC100 became the "Super Beatle", names that were were later transferred (in late 1965) to the new Thomas Organ solid state amps.
To judge from surviving amps, it seems that a great many AC80/100s made in the summer and autumn of 1965 were exported to the USA - grey panel cathode biased amps (serial numbers in the range 300-430) and "100W Amplifiers" (serial numbers in the range 430-730). Indeed, the Burndept facility in Erith was set up by Vox (in 1965) expressly to increase production for export.
For the deal in mid 1965, see a little way below - reported by the Economist in July 1965. See also the page on changes introduced in 1965.
Above, a couple of small images of an American Vox dealer pricelist, noted at foot as being "EFFECTIVE: APRIL 26 1965".
Below, the entries relating to the AC50 and AC100. Note the number of inputs for the amps. Prices given opposite the speaker cabs are for both amp and cab.
V-1-14-1. (Piggy-Back) 4 inputs.
V-1-14-2. Cabinet for Above Containing One 18"Heavy Duty Speaker. $715.00.
V-1-14-3. Stand for Above. $36.00.
V-1-23-1. (Piggy-Back) 4 inputs.
V-1-23-2. Cabinet for Above Containing Two 12" Heavy Duty Speakers, Plus One Special High Frequency Horn. $715.00.
V-1-23-3. Super Twin Swivel Stand for Above. $40.00.
V-1-24-1. (Piggy-Back) 2 inputs.
V-1-24-2. Cabinet for Above Containing Four 12" Speakers Plus Two High Frequency Exponential Horns with Cross Over Network. $965.
V-1-24-3.Super Twin Stand for Above. $70.00.
1. All Vox Amplifiers, except the Vox Pathfinder Model V-1-1, include free foot switch.
2. All Vox Amplifiers, except the Vox Pathfinder Model V-1-1, must be purchased with covers. Prices listed above do not include covers.
3. All Piggy-Back Amplifiers and Speakers must be purchased as One Unit.
Piggy-Back Unit Covers (Per Set). $15.00.
For a Thomas Organ "Vox Pocket Reference Manual of Replacement Parts and Service Information" from early 1965, see below, entry for 20th Dec.
A Thomas Organ "Vox Pocket Reference Manual of Replacement Parts and Service Information" from early 1965. Measures 3.5 x 5.25”. Pictures from an ebay auction in 2011, so quite small (click as ever for larger versions - only slightly larger in this case). In the fourth pic one can see:
The parts listed in this section cover all English built amplifiers sold in the United States.
The following models are covered.
AC4 - Pathfinder
AC10 - Berkeley
AC15 - Kent
AC30 - Viscount
AC30 Super - Buckingham
AC50 - Royal Guardsman
AC50 Foundation Bass - Westminster
AC100 - Super Beatle
T60 - Bristol Bass.
V185 - Student.
The designations above correspond to the earliest catalogues and flyers issued by Thomas Organ for the Vox range - at that point imported English amps renamed - see this page.
The reference manual goes on to list "SPEAKERS", among which:
12" 8 ohm - AC30-AC100 - 09-5305-0.
12" 15ohm - AC50 - 09-5405-0.
18" 15ohm - Foundation Bass - 09-5805-0.
Midax Horn - AC50-AC100 - 09-5406-0.
The numbers beginning "09" are Thomas part numbers. It is interesting to note that at this point the AC50 had 15 ohm speakers (i.e. not the same as those used in the AC30-AC100) - they were presumably Fanes.
A further massive order came in during the course of 1965. The extract below is from "The Economist" magazine, volume 216, July 10th, 1965. Click as ever for a larger image.
The upper figure of "$10 million", a good eye-catching number, is echoed in reports published in Billboard magazine.
What underlay the note in the Economist was the deal done at the NAMM (National Association of Music Merchants) show at the Conrad Hilton in Chicago, June 27th - July 1st, 1965. The Thomas Organ Co. ordered $2-4 million worth of Vox equipment. "Billboard" magazine records the higher figure.
VOX DEALERS in the USA
Below is a provisional list of Vox dealers extracted mainly (though not exclusively) from the "Teen Beat Magazines" issued by Thomas Organ in 1966. Some are known to have supplied AC100s (marked with an asterisk) - for others, info is at present lacking.
Huge thanks to members of the BeatGear Cavern for expanding and correcting the list. See this thread. You will need to be a member (free) to view, however.
If there are other dealers who ought to be included in the list, please let me know (click for address).
BIRMINGHAM - Phipps Piano Co.
LITTLE ROCK - Moses Melody Shop
Advert from "KRLA Beat" issued 23rd December 1964
^ALHAMBRA - Pedrini Inc.
- Crawford's Corner
^BUENA PARK - Kay Kalie Music
^BURBANK - Killeen's Music
COLTON - Colton Piano and Organ Co.
FAIRFIELD - F. Kirgan and Sons
HOLLYWOOD - Splevin's Music Center
HOLLYWOOD - Vox Guitar Center
HUNTINGDON BEACH - Manolio's Music Center
FOND DU LAC - Stout Music Center
^LANCASTER - Lancaster Music
^ONTARIO - Harris Music
OXNARD - Phinney-Hale Music
POMONA - Harris Music
RIVERSIDE - Colton Piano Co.
SACRAMENTO - Vox Room
^SAN BERNARDINO - Colton Piano Co.
^SAN DIEGO - Apex Music Co.
^SANTA FE SPRINGS - Kay Kalie Music
TUSTIN - Wynn's Music
- Sherman Clay Stores
^VAN NUYS - Colton Piano Co.
^ indicates the store is mentioned in the KRLA flyer illustrated above.
Colorado - advert said to be from 1966
DENVER - Music Alley
- Music Alley is reported as being Denver's only Vox dealer.
NEW HAVEN - Harmony Music
WILMINGTON - Wilmington Piano Co.
CORAL GABLES - Gables Music
FORT MYERS - Long's Music
MIAMI - Ace Music
MIAMI - Victor's Piano and Organs
ORLANDO - Cecil Gullickson Music Mart.*
ST PETERSBURG - Preston Music
TAMPA - Cutro's Music
ATLANTA - Ernest Silvey Distributing Co.
ATLANTA - Vox Shoppe
SAVANNAH - Rody's Music
DECATUR - Alverson Piano and Organ Co.
BOISE - Boise Piano Co.
BLOOMINGTON - Musicland
McHENRY - Shay's Music World
PEORIA - Peoria Musical Instrument Co.
SPRINGFIELD - Walko Music
GOSHEN - George's School of Music
INDIANAPOLIS - Carnegie Music Center
TERRE HAUTE - Indiana Conservatory of Music
DES MOINES - Hullings Music
MASON CITY - Carleton Stewart Music
WATERLOO - Carleton Stewart Music
WICHITA - King Music Co.
WICHITA - Jenkins Music Center
LOUISVILLE - Tiller Piano and Organ Co.
NEW ORLEANS - Campo Brothers Music
SHREVEPORT -Walker and Rodie Inc.
BOSTON - E. U. Wurlitzer
BRAINTREE - Warren Hardware and Radio
MINNEAPOLIS - Park Music Center
MINNEAPOLIS - Wagener Music
HATTIESBURG - Pal's Music Co.
JACKSON - Skeet Guitar Shop
JENNINGS - Music Center
MARSHALL - Vox Box
BEATRICE - McCabe's Piano and Organ Co.
OMAHA - Swoboda's Music Center
LAS VEGAS - Southern Nevada Music Co.
New York State
BUFFALO - Sattlers Music.
New York City
- Manny's Music
- Sam Ash Music
CLEVELAND - Higbee Co.
MEMPHIS - Melody Music
ABILENE - McDaniel Neece Music Co.
BEAUMONT - Beaumont Piano and Organ Co.
HOUSTON - Evans Music City
LUBBOCK - Lubbock School of Music
SALT LAKE CITY - Music Arts
SALT LAKE CITY - Southeast Music
NORFOLK - The Musician's Shop
NORFOLK - Frank Jacobs Music
SEATTLE - Kern's Music City
FOND DU LAC - Stout Music Co.
MILWAUKEE - Zeb Billings Piano and Organ Co.*
Thanks to Charles Forssi for details on New York City and Florida.
The Brothers Grim (Grimm)
The Brothers Grim, pictured above, were the first band to be sponsored by Vox in the States. The advert is from Vox Teen Beat, vol. 1, issue 1. Note that the amp pictured has no corner protectors and that its logo is formed of separate letters: V O X. For a surviving analogue, see serial no. 225 (also pictured above), which may have been used for promotional purposes in the USA.
A further site notes: "In the early 1960's, The Brothers Grim became the first American group to be featured with Vox Amplifiers and guitars which were made famous by the contemporary British group, The Beatles. Joe Banaron, CEO of Warwick Electronics Inc. and President of Thomas Organ, the United States distributor of Vox, along with Bernard Stockly (of London), importer to the United States of the Royal Warranted, Challenge / Eavestaff pianos, arranged for the boys to have full use of the five foot tall AC 100, which later became known as the "Super Beatle," along with other Vox amplifiers. In one of the company's in-house publications, Ron Coleman and J.P. Sloane were featured standing back to back against the big Vox AC 100 Amplifier".
Thomas Organ pricelist 1965
Reference to the Thomas Organ pricelist of 21 September 1965 shows that the AC100/Super Beatle amplifier cost $400.00, the cabinet $599.00, and the trolley $70.00, making $1069 in total. The model number was: V-1-24.
The solid state Super Beatle - the AC100/Super Beatle's replacement - cost $1225.00.
Added by Vox to amps destined for the USA. Capacitor made by Radio Spares (England), value: 0.01uf, 500V. Its purpose was to suppress arcing across the mains switch. All US-made Gibson and Fender amplifiers had these caps as a matter of course.
Below, Radio Spares suppressor caps in AC100 serial no. 392: an amp with a serial number in the early-mid 700s; and 756.
Far left: 392. Centre and right: an amp with a serial number in the 700s. Number 756 also has the added Radio Spares cap.
Serial numbers of AC100s imported by Thomas Organ
Notionally the period of importation, late 1964 to late 1965, corresponds to the production of serial numbers c. 250 - 1200, perhaps indeed a little further - US bands were still being shown with AC100/Super Beatles in newletters from 1966. Although we do not know how many amps came to Thomas Organ, some of those listed on the cathode biased page and early fixed bias page appear to have been long in the States - numbers 337, 392, 420, 502, 531,and so on.
Below, promotional pictures, left to right, of: The Esquires (1965, Arkansas); The Huns (1965, Alabama); The Invaders (1966?, Florida); and Lord Byron and the Poets (1965, Illinois):